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Hier finden Sie Neuigkeiten und Informationen aus Österreich, Europa und der Welt zu aktuellen Entwicklungen unter anderem in den Bereichen »Public Value«, »öffentlich-rechtliche Medien«, sowie »Qualitätsjournalismus«.
 
2017-01-16

Der Vorsitzende des Deutschen Journalisten-Verbands (DJV) Frank Überall kritisiert im Interview mit dem „Deutschlandfunk“ den Ausschluss von Journalisten beim Kongress der europäischen Rechtspopulisten.


Zuvor hatte der AfD-Europapolitiker Markus Pretzell bekannt gegeben, dass u.a. öffentlich-rechtlichen Medien für den Kongress, der am 21. Jänner in Koblenz stattfinden wird, keine Akkreditierung erhalten würden, da „die Berichterstattung der Medien den journalistischen Grundsätzen nicht genügen“ würde.


DJV-Vorsitzender Überall ortet hinter diesem Vorgehen der AfD „Kalkül“ und warnt insbesondere vor den kommenden Wahlen (Bundestagswahl und Landtagswahl in Nordrhein-Westfahlen) vor einer „Trumpisierung“ der deutschen Politik. Er mahnt Journalist/innen im Umgang mit der AfD zur Besonnenheit: Medien sollten nicht mehr über jedes Stöckchen springen, was man ihnen hinhalte.

[Zum ganzen Interview im DLF]



[mehr]
2017-01-11

Evgeny Morozov, the Belarusian writer and researcher well-known for his critical approach to digital technologies and Internet hypes, is looking behind the “fake news crisis” in his article “Moral panic over fake news hides the real enemy the digital giants”, which was recently published in The Guardian.

Media outlets as well as Politicians are facing serious problems with the emergence of the “fake news phenomenon”. They are having a massive impact on various social and political levels – as seen during the Brexit and the US – Elections 2016.
Will the fake news crisis be the cause of democracy’s collapse?

Politicians and media outlets tend to blame Russian hackers for the political turmoil of 2016, but are they missing the real evildoer in the mazy and highly complex World Wide Web?
Are they turning a blind eye to the doings of the digital giants such as Facebook and Google?

Just as in reality, capitalism also rules the Web 2.0. Digital capitalism makes the very existence of fake news worthwhile for the digital giants on whose platforms these fake information and allegations are displayed. As producing a click – worthy narrative and a responsive audience is the essence of dissemination of fake news.

One has to acknowledge that the fake news crisis derives from economic origins. Moreover the concerned persons and media outlets ought to stop blaming the Kremlin as the initiator of fake news.

Yet the digital giants are not the only ones to blame. Morozov also shifts the focus to the corruption of today’s expert based journalism. It can likely happen that Think Thanks accepting funds from foreign governments or a European Commissioner starting work at Wall Street after serving his term at the European Union can likely result in the skepticism of the citizens against the “experts”.

Morozov recalls a case when not even the renowned media outlet Washington Post has tried to double check the truth behind a story about Russian cyberattacks damaging a power grid in Vermont, USA and advises the representatives of media outlets to overthink their approach and be more self – reflexive when complaining about the loss of their credibility.

“Apparently, an economy ruled by online advertising has produced its own theory of truth: truth is whatever produces most eyeballs”, states Morozov.

As a solution, the author suggests to overthink the basics of digital capitalism.
Online advertising and its “click and share drive” need to be less central to how we live, work and communicate. Furthermore it is his opinion, that the citizens should be more involved in the decision making process instead of leaving the power to the experts and corporations.

You can read the full article here.


[mehr]
2016-12-13

Die Österreicher vertrauen ihren Medien mehr als der EU-Durchschnitt, und zwar entlang aller Medienformen. Das ergab eine heute von der EU-Kommission veröffentlichte Eurobarometer-Umfrage zu Medienpluralismus und Demokratie (Spezial Eurobarometer 452). So gaben 72% der Befragten in Österreich an, dass ihrer Ansicht nach die nationalen Medien vertrauenswürdige Informationen anbieten. EU-weit sagen das nur 53%. Als besonders zuverlässig gelten dabei in Österreich das Radio (79% zuverlässig, EU28: 66%), Fernsehen (77%, EU28: 55%) sowie Zeitungen (66%, EU28, 55%). Eiinzig soziale Medien, Blogs und Videoportale werden nur von vier von zehn Befragten in Österreich (42%, EU28: 32%) als vertrauenswürdig eingestuft.

Dennoch ist die Beteiligung an Diskussionen im Internet entlang aller Altersgruppen und sozialer Schichten höher als im EU-Durchschnitt: 52% aller Befragten in Österreich geben an, dass sie Kommentare oder Artikel im Internet, Netzwerken oder Blogs posten, während es EU-weit gerade einmal 28% sind.
Für Jörg Wojahn, Vertreter der EU-Kommission in Österreich sind diese Zahlen ein deutlicher Beleg für den hohen Stellenwert, den Medien in Österreich genießen: "In einer immer komplexeren Welt ist professioneller Journalismus umso wichtiger, um Fakten und Unwahrheiten voneinander zu trennen. Das hohe Medienvertrauen in Österreich bringt daher auch Verantwortung für die Medienunternehmen mit sich." Er fügte hinzu: "Es geht mehr denn je darum, Sachverhalte zu prüfen und zu erläutern, während andere in den Sozialen Medien ohne Rücksicht auf die Wahrheit mit allen Mitteln Shares und Likes produzieren."
Für das Spezial-Eurobarometer wurden zwischen dem 24.09. und 2.10. insgesamt 1.026 Personen befragt, EU-weit knapp 28.000 Personen. Mit den Eurobarometern erhebt die EU seit über 40 Jahren das Meinungsbild zu vielfältigen Themen in der Europäischen Union und ihren Mitgliedsländern.

[Zum Eurobarometer]

[mehr]
2016-12-09

The results of a report by the European Commission suggest that US tech giants Facebook, Twitter, YouTube and Microsoft aren’t responding to cases of online hate speech fast enough. According to the EU’s code of conduct to combat illegal online hate speech, which was implemented in May 2016 and agreed upon by all big players of the IT-sector, technology companies are required to review reports of hate speech less than 24 hours after they were first reported. However, the results of the first assessment of this new code of conduct indicate, that only 40 percent of all notifications of hate speech were acted upon within a 24-hour timeframe.


European Commissioner for Justice Věra Jourová said in a statement this week: "It is our duty to protect people in Europe from incitement to hatred and violence online. This is the common goal of the code of conduct.”


Twelve NGOs based in nine EU countries analyzed the responses to hate speech notifications over a six-week timeframe for the evaluation during October and November 2016. The findings, according to the European Commission, indicate that among the 600 notifications of online hate speech made in total, 28 percent led to a removal, 40 percent of all responses were received within 24 hours, while another 43 percent arrived after 48 hours.


Article: Europe Presses American Tech Companies to Tackle Hate Speech


Code of conduct countering illegal hate speech online


[mehr]
2016-12-02

According to a report on the European Federation of Journalists’ website, the results of the 2016 Eurobarometer survey on “Media pluralism and independence” indicate two worrying trends: The majority of EU citizens believe that the media in their countries lack independence; and 75% of the respondents have experienced hate speech on social media. The Eurobarometer survey, which was published in November, aims at representing the state of media pluralism and independence across the European Union.


A total of 28,000 citizens across 28 countries participated in the survey. The study painted a mixed picture of media pluralism and freedom across the European Union. The following data is a selection of the survey’s results:


57% say media don’t provide information independent from political and commercial pressure:


In nine member states, majorities agree their national media provide information free from political or commercial pressure. There is a big contrast between Northern and Southern countries: in Finland (78%), the Netherlands and Denmark (both 61%) this view is the most prominent, while respondents in Greece (12%), Spain (24%) and Cyprus (25%) are the least likely to agree.


60% say public service media (PSM) don’t provide independent information:


However in Finland (65%), Sweden, the Netherlands (both 55%), Denmark (54%), Germany and Slovakia (both 50%) a majority of respondents think their national public service media are free.


46% think their national media regulators are not independent:


Most of respondents (69%) are not aware of the body that oversees audiovisual media in their country. 10% said they are aware but could not give the correct name of the body.


53% agree their national media provide trustworthy information:


Nearly 9 in 10 in Finland (88%) agree, as do more than three quarters in Sweden and Denmark (both 77%). In contrast, only 26% in Greece, 34% in France and 38% in Spain agree.


Article by the European Federation of Journalists


Full survey: "Media pluralism and independence"



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»AUFMACHEN« - Der Public-Value-Bericht 2015/16

Im aktuellen Leistungsbericht des ORF beschreiben ORF-Mitarbeiter/innen - anhand zahlreicher Projekte aus 2015/16 - ihre Auffassung von Medienqualität unter dem Aspekt des "Aufmachens". Die Perspektive von innen wird durch zahlreiche Beträge von externen Autor/innen erweitert.

Im beigelegten Datenheft finden sich zudem zahlreiche Daten und Fakten zur ORF-Medienproduktion 2015.  [mehr]

[Download Public-Value-Bericht]

[Download Datenheft 2015]


Das Geheimnis der Farben
Fünf Qualitätsdimensionen und insgesamt 18 Leistungskategorien definieren ORF Public Value: abgeleitet aus dem ORF-Gesetz, den ORF-Programmrichtlinien, den ORF-Leitlinien sowie den aktuellen Anforderungsbedingungen in Gesellschaft und Medienentwicklung. [mehr]



Public Value Bericht 2015/16

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